Mental Health Ethics
Conference at the House of Science and Letters in Helsinki 31 .10 – 1.11:
ETHICAL ASPECTS OF MENTAL HEALTH
The focus of this conference is on ethical questions regarding mental health seen from different perspectives. Many different factors may affect the mental health of an individual. Psychological and social circumstances for a person are of great importance, but the extent of this influence on the mental health varies according to the genetic composition of the person. Different kind of stress induction can cause a mental health disorder for a person. These disorders appear in all age groups and affect families, close relatives and working places. The diseases themselves cause individual suffering, and in addition, mental health problems still carry a certain stigma.
Target audience: Government officials, doctors, health care workers, patient groups, researchers, pharmaceutical companies, social workers, media, students
Advances in neuroscience are challenging our understanding of the nature of the mind and the brain. Recent studies in genetics, chemical signalling in the brain, as well as neuroimaging have provided new insights into mental health diseases raising a number of important questions. And yet, the biological models have been criticized as being too detached from the social and psychological influences for development of mental health diseases.
To what extent can the socio-psychological and the biological explanations find common ground to work towards a better understanding of the human mind and the prevention of mental health disease in the Nordic countries? The conference will examine issues from a multidisciplinary perspective, highlighting the ethical aspects by looking at some current mental health problems in the Nordic societies today, such as crime, treatment of ADHD, suicide and problems related to the mental health situation of ethnic minorities in the Nordic countries today.
PSYCHOLOGICAL, SOCIAL, HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL PERSPECTIVES OF MENTAL DISEASES
Mental Diseases in a Historical Perspective
Ilpo Helén, Senior Fellow, Department of Sociology, University of Helsinki, Finland
Cultural Views of Mental Distress: Examples on Somali Migrants
Marja Tiilikainen, Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Helsinki, Finland
Social Determinants of Mental Health in Childhood- a Gene-Environment Perspective
Anders Hjern , Professor of Social Paediatrics, Nordic School of Public Health, Sweden
BIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT OF MENTAL DISEASES
Neuroimaging in the Study of the Brain and its Functions
Jyrki Mäkelä, MD, PhD, BioMag Laboratory,Helsinki University Central Hospital,Finland
The Biological Basis of Psychiatric Disorders
Elias Eriksson, Professor of Pharmacology, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Can Neurosciences Explain Mental Diseases and Mental Distress?
Steven Rose, Professor of Biology and Neurobiology, Open University, UK
CRIME, SOCIETY AND MENTAL HEALTH
Mental Disorders and Crime
- Which Mental Disorders are Associated with Crime, Violence as well as Non-Violence and Why
Sten Levander, Professor Emeritus, General and Court Psychiatrist, Sweden
MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN PRACTICE TODAY
Ethical Aspects of Neuropsychiatric Screeening and Diagnostics
Ingemar Engström, Professor in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Örebro University Hospital, Sweden
Ethics and Suicide
Nanna Briem, Psychiatrist, The National University Hospital of Iceland
Mental Disorders and Treatments of Ethnic Minorities in a Nordic Country
Katrine Schepelern Johansen, Post Doc, Department of Anthropology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
CHALLENGES AND POLICIES IN MENTAL HEALTH
What is Needed to Meet the Patients’ Needs?
Tore Gundersen, Anthropologist, Municipality of Lørenskog, Norway
Policies in the Nordic Countries Regarding Mental Health
Jan Tvedt, Senior Adviser, Norwegian Directorate of Health, Department for Mental Health and Substance Abuse
Professor Peter Gøtzsche, Director of The Nordic Cochrane Centre, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark
Konferensrapport - information och nedladdning