DNA in Police Work, Oslo April 23, 2020


Time: Thursday 23 April, 09.00 - 16.00
Organizers: The Nordic Committee on Bioethics and The Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board
The event is public and free of charge - Register here! 

In the mid-1980s, a method for identifying individuals via analysis of the DNA strand was invented. Today, DNA fingerprinting is used all over the world in cases involving criminal activity and missing persons.

This identification test is done by analysing areas outside of the coding regions of the DNA, earlier referred to as junk DNA. The test is not supposed to reveal genetic information about a person. This limitation has been viewed as a strength in light of privacy considerations.

New methods for using DNA in police work have emerged in recent years. One is the ability to search for a match of a DNA profile via a search for family members, either in police registries or in private ancestry databases. Another, known as DNA phenotyping, involves genetic tests for visible traits that can provide information about what an unknown suspect might look like. This method may be useful when a search for a match of the DNA profile is without result.

Both methods have been used and have helped to solve cases. In Europe, however, The Netherlands is the only country that has amended its legislation to regulate new tests.

The use of new DNA methods raises questions relating to technology, legal framework and ethics.

We will focus on the ethical questions and invite people with different background to discuss topics such as:

  • Which challenges are well known from police work today and which are new?
  • Privacy and genetic integrity
  • Profiling and discrimination: Is this technology neutral or are there embedded biases?
  • Technologisation: A space left for human judgment?
  • The ethics of visual representations: Are visual traits less stigmatising? Or the opposite?
  • Good and bad practice: The ethics of context and communication
Contact

Truls Petersen: truls.petersen@bioteknologiradet.no
Madeleine Hayenhjelm: madeleine.hayenhjelm@umu.se
Sigurður Kristinsson: sigkr@unak.is

The event is public and free of charge - Register here!


 * In her work «Stranger Visions» the artist Heather Dewey-Hagborg collected hairs, chewed up gum, and cigarette butts from the streets, public bathrooms and waiting rooms of New York City. After extracting DNA from them she made portraits representing what those individuals might look like, based on genomic research. Read more about the project here.

An article in norwegian about her work can be read here.